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10th Grade ELA – Post-test Assessment 4

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10th Grade ELA – Post-test Assessment 4

Justice May 15, 2015


You will be taking the Grade 10 English Language Arts/Literacy Post-test.

You will be asked to read a passage. Read the passage and all the questions carefully. Some questions will ask you to choose one correct answer, while others will ask you to choose more than one correct answer. You may look back at the passage when needed.

To answer a question, click on the circle or circles of the correct answer.


Read the passage “The Sinews of Peace.”. Then answer the questions.



The Sinews of Peace

by Winston Churchill

1 A shadow has fallen upon the scenes so lately lighted by the Allied victory. Nobody knows what  Soviet Russia and its Communist international organization intends to do in the immediate future, or what are the limits, if any, to their expansive and proselytizing tendencies. I have a strong admiration and regard for the valiant Russian people and for my wartime comrade, Marshal Stalin. There is deep sympathy and goodwill in Britain-and I doubt not here also-towards the peoples of all the Russias and a resolve to persevere through many differences and rebuffs in establishing  lasting friendships. We understand the Russian need to be secure on her western frontiers by the removal of all possibility of German aggression. We welcome Russia to her rightful place among the leading nations of the world. We welcome her flag upon the seas. Above all, we welcome, or should welcome, constant, frequent and growing contacts between the Russian people and our own peoples on both sides of the Atlantic. It is my duty, however, for I am sure you would not wish me to-not to state the facts as I see them to you, it is my duty to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe.

2 From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague,Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject  in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in some cases, increasing measure of control from  Moscow.  Athens alone-Greece with  its immortal glories-is free to decide its future at an election under British, American  and French observation. The Russian-dominated  Polish Government  has been encouraged to make enormous and wrongful  inroads upon Germany, and mass expulsions of millions of Germans on a scale grievous and undreamed-of are now taking place. The Communist parties, which were very small in all these Eastern States of Europe, have been raised to pre-eminence and power far beyond their numbers and are seeking everywhere to obtain totalitarian control. Police governments are prevailing  in nearly every case, and so far, except in Czechoslovakia, there is no true democracy.

3 Turkey and Persia are both profoundly alarmed and disturbed at the claims which are being made upon them and at the pressure being exerted by the Moscow Government. An attempt is being made by the Russians in Berlin to build up a quasi(1)Communist party in their zone of Occupied Germany by showing special favours to groups of left-wing German At the end of the fighting last June, the American and British Armies withdrew westwards, in accordance with an earlier agreement, to a depth at some points of 150 miles upon a front of nearly four  hundred miles,in order to allow our Russian allies to occupy this vast expanse of territory which the Western Democracies  had conquered.

4 If now the Soviet Government tries, by separate action, to build up a pro-Communist Germany in their areas, this will cause new serious difficulties in the American and British zones, and will give the defeated Germans the power of putting themselves up to auction between the Soviets and the Western Democracies. Whatever conclusions may be drawn from these facts-and facts they are-this is certainly not the Liberated Europe we fought to build up. Nor is it one which contains the essentials of permanent peace.

5 The safety of the world, ladies and gentlemen, requires a new unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast. It is from the quarrels of the strong  parent races in Europe that the world wars we have witnessed, or which occurred  in former times, have sprung. Twice in our own lifetime we have seen the United States, against their wishes and their traditions, against arguments, the force of which it is impossible-the force of which it is impossible not to comprehend, twice we have seen them drawn by irresistible forces into these wars in time to secure the victory of the good cause, but only after frightful slaughter and devastation have occurred. Twice the United States has had to send several  millions of its young men across the Atlantic to find the war;  but now war can find any nation, wherever it may dwell, between dusk and dawn. Surely we should work with conscious purpose for a grand pacification(2)  of Europe, within the structure of the United Nations and in accordance with our Charter. That I feel is a-opens a course of policy of very great importance.


Reproduced with permission of Curtis Brown, London on  behalf of the  Estate of Sir Winston  Churchill.  Copyright ©  Winston  S. Churchill.




(2) pacitication-ending of war

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