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Federal and Local Laws- REHAB ACT 1973, Americans Disabilities Actt 1990 (ensure students are protected and provided for ALL children w/ disabilities) Age 3-21.
Students access to treatment Act 2007- authorizes school employees to administer medication w/o the
Drug: substance that modifies one or more of the bodies functions
Medication: therapeutic agent used to treat unjury to the body or mind
Prescriptive: based upon a legal prescription, written by licensed medical provider. Can be controlled (regulated by the controlled substances act potential for abuse) or non controlled.
Non-prescriptive: "over the counter" available w/o written prescription
Six reasons to administer medication: to reduce symptoms related to illness, to manage an illness(keep them from getting worse), to control behavior, to diagnose an illness.
Classification of Medications: Analgesic, remedy relieves or allays pain, antibiotic, destroying or inhibiting the growth microorganism or bacteria, anticonvulsant is any of a class of drugs used to prevent or abolish convulsions, antihistamine is any of certain compounds or medicines that neutralize or inhibit the effect of histamine in the body used chiefly, bronchodilator a substance that acts to dilate bronchial tubes(asthma, cardi0vascular a medicinal preparation used in the treatment of heart failure and disorders of vascular tension, emergency: powerful and rapidly acting compounds, Psychotropic; any group of drugs that act mainly on the mind, antidepressant pertaining to a substance that is used in the treatment of mood disorders, as characterized by various manic or depressive affects, Antipsychotic used in the treatment of psychosis, especially schizophrenia and acute or severe states of mania depression or paranoia
Effects of Medications LocalEffects: not absorbed in bloodstream. Systemic effects: enters into bloodstream. Therapeutic effectL benefit that is received from taking the medication. Side effects: occur in addition to the desired effect. Effects may be expected or unexpected. Adverse effects: results of a therapeutic effect going BEYOND the desired effect.
Medication Formulations: Solids: capsules,tablets, powders, lozenger, Liquids: drops,syrups, suspension,elixir,injectable solutions, inhalation or spray, Mixtures: Ointments, creams, lotions.
Routes of administration: mouth skin, mucous membranes, injection, nose,ears,eyes.
Medication allergy: A response which may be immediate and life threatening or delayed and slow to appear.
Cumulative: a condition in which the body does not eliminate one dose of the medication before another dose is given
Tolerance: resistance to the effect of medication that has built up over the time of its use.
Addcition: the physical orr emotional dependence on medications.
Drug interactions: may increase the action of another medication OR may decrease the action of another medication.
ONLY the physician or Nurse practitioner may make a medication change.
Factors influencing the actions of medication: Dose- the avargae dose the amount of medication to produce the desired effect of the medication. Minimum: small sose. maximum; safe dose, toxic: dose that produce harmful effects, lethal: lethal dose to cause death. AGE- metabolization of dose. Body Weight, Compliance, Sex, Time and Frequency, route of administration.
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